The Magic Makeup of Biographical Films
In recent years, Hollywood actors have played biopic characters, working career achievements, including: Iron Lady Meryl Streep, Gary Oldman in The Darkest Hour, or Christian Bale, who once again gained weight like The Rubber Man, and played the former president of the United States in For the Vice-Nespho.
Nominated for Best Actor Oscar.
However, in addition to acting, the actor’s “dress up” is one of the important elements for the film, sometimes, makeup designers will also use “prosthetics” for the actor to gain weight, change the face shape, so that the character image more vivid and realistic, and even change the gender characteristics of the actor, to create transgender, cross-dressing characters.
This article will analyze the various prosthetic strains of the production methods, from the darkest moments, “for the vice-benevolence”, “The Danish girl” three celebrity biopic films, to see Hollywood’s top makeup designers, how to “turn stars into legendary characters”, full display of the details and features of the characters. Whether it’s a fantasy movie’s transcendent almanoe character or a real-life character, the makeup department may combine the “Prosthetics” created by hair, make-up and prosthetic designers to make the actor’s image more realistic.
Most commonly, “fake skins” with special colours, wrinkles or scars are made, added to them or glued to actors.
Over the years, the following three types of production material, often used by the Hollywood makeup department to make prosthetics (the recipes are available on foreign production websites, and executives still require professional assistance): Foam Latex has a soft, elastic texture that blends closely with the skin and, despite its less opaque shortcomings, is still commonly used in Prosthetic Masks in Hollywood.
For example, when actor Robin Williams performed a 60-year-old woman in a cross-dressing show for “The Milk Yme Dad,” prosthesis designer Greg Cannom created eight styrofoam latexpieces to create a complete face shape. The raw materials for foaming latex include foaming agents (foaming agents), latex (Latex), gels (Gelling agents), curing agents, etc., which are formulated in proportion to different needs and are smoothed in the blender.
Finally, the foamlatetic latex is added to the mold of the prosthesis and placed in a low-temperature baking box to shape. Gelatin’s elasticity is very close to the human skin, and it’s characterized by a heating melt that can still be made after baking, making it easy for designers to modify the prosthesis to the perfect look.
It also represents gelatin prosthesis, which has the disadvantage of heat melting, which is not easy to use in hot weather, and when the actor wears it for a long time, he or she can destroy the prosthesis due to sweating. In addition, the characteristics of gelatin is not easy to produce wrinkles, suitable for making women or more delicate skin. “I can’t find a way out of wrinkles, especially the muscles around my mouth,” says the Oscar-nominated “Border Chitan” make-up artist, G?ran Lundstr?m, who uses gelatin to make the heroine’s chin and cheeks, and when he takes part in the film “Genius of the Century” to create the look of einsteinand people.
To avoid creases when the actor sits and moves his mouth, the team makes some prosthetics in gelatin. Relative to gelatin and foam latex, silicone both durable, moisture-proof and other functions, and less limited by temperature, widely used in celebrity biographies, fantasy and horror movies, easy to create complex, realistic details.
Its raw materials include liquid silicone rubber and curing agents, which can be adjusted for the hardness requirements required for the prosthesis. In “MIB Star Wars Police,” the team struggled to think about how the character Edgar was gradually being eroded by “alien cockroaches,” and makeup designer Hiroshi Ishiguro described the work as: “Everyone is eager to find a new material.”
In the end, he conceived a hard silicone, wrapped in a relatively soft layer of silicone, to show the skin’s peeling sensation, but not “really peeling off.” In recent years, many actors in order to meet the role of the play, will deliberately gain weight or lose weight, the full performance of the character, but also successfully caused the topic, but may also sacrifice the actor’s health. In “The Darkest Hour,” when actor Gary Oldman plays Prime Minister Churchill, the two look completely different, and Gary Oldman, who is not considering health, doesn’t want to change his body dramatically: “I don’t want to gain 60 pounds (about 27 kilograms) and hurt my heart and liver.
」 As a result, Gary Oldman asked for make-up design to join the cast, who was known for his fine prosthetic and model designs for “The Rise of the Scarlet Ball” and “Benjemin’s Fantasy Journey” and was also a well-known sculptor.
After six months of research, Hirohito finally made with real silicone, with prosthetics showing thick cheeks, chins and necks, “pounding” the actor’s face, and shaving Gary Oldman’s original eyebrows instead of fake sparse hair, so that the eyes “look” increased. In addition, Ishiguro decided that in addition to making makeup closer to Churchill, it is necessary to retain the actor’s performance space, so not to cover the eyes, forehead and lips of the prosthesis. “Gary is such a great actor, he has a lot of subtle expressions, a lot of eye cramps, a slight change in his forehead, and I don’t want to kill that, ” said Hiroshi. Acting and hair complement each other, so that the film won the Oscar for Best Actor, makeup design two awards.